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Present and Past Negation - Use of இல்லை
Present/past tense form of a verb is negated using the suffix இல்லை (sp. ille), which is added to the infinitive form of a verb, like பார்க்க, கொடுக்க, சொல்ல, வாங்க etc. The present/past tense negation is not conjugated for person, number, or gender; i.e., the same form is used for all subjects. Note that இல்லை can be used to refer to either the past or the present.
How do you make the present/past negation form of a verb?
I. Add க்க with strong verbs such as பார்,
கொடு etc., and add the negative word இல்லை. Before you add this இல்லை, however, you will add the glide வ் because அ and இ are vowels that require a glide.
II. Add அ after weak verbs such as உட்கார், செய், வாங்கு
III. The exceptional verbs such as போ, கேள், வா,
நில் etc. behave somewhat differently when making their negative forms
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