|Select Unit > Unit 3: உங்கள் வேலையை நீங்களே செய்யுங்கள் > Lesson 2: Spoken Translation||Lessons: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Exercises: 1 2 3 4 5 6 Reading: 1 2 Glossary Conversations Test|
A:பரிட்சைக்குப் படிக்கவேண்டும். வீட்டுப் பாடம் எழுதவேண்டும். கடைக்குப் போகவேண்டும். நிறைய வேலை இருக்கிறது.
B:இதையெல்லாம் என்னிடம் நீ ஏன் சொல்கிறாய்? உன் வேலையை நீயே பார்!
A:நீங்கள் ஒன்றும் என் வேலையைச் செய்யவேண்டாம். உங்களிடம் சும்மா சொல்கிறேன்.
B:நீ என்னிடம் அதைச் செய்ய வேண்டும் இதைச் செய்ய வேண்டும் என்று கதையடிக்க வேண்டாம். உன் வேலையை நீயே செய்ய வேண்டும்.
A: இல்லை. புதிதாக எதுவும் வேலை சொல்லக்கூடாது இல்லையா? அதுதான்.
Future Tense for non-rational subjects - Use of உம், ஆதுWhen neuter nouns occur as the subject of a sentence, the main verb is conjugated in the future tense by adding the suffix உம். Strong verbs will inflect with க்க் and weak verbs without it (the neuter future suffix, positive and negative, is attached to the infintive form of the verb minus the final அ). Note that the PNG suffix and the tense suffix are one and the same for the neuter future irrespective of number.
I. Strong verbs: க்கும்
II. Weak verbs: உம்
III. Notice the following exceptional verbs such as கேள், வா, நில் etc.
IV. Neuter future negation:The main verb of a sentence with neuter noun as subject is negated by adding the suffix ஆது after the க்க் for strong verbs, and directly to the stem with weak verbs.
Do you have any change? (சில்லறை இருக்கா?)
Even though the prices of most of the items are rounded up or down to avoid using coins, in some places like buses, trains, especially in public transportations and offices, prices are marked with fractions. No change machines have been implemented in Tamil Nadu yet, nor do buses and trains have pay machines. This forces people to keep exact change while taking public transportation. It is very common in buses for the conductor to run out of change and require passengers to pay with exact change. Most people often can only pay in the form of paper currency, and as a result heated exchanges often arise between the bus conductors and passengers on the matter of சில்லரை (change). Paper currency is usually called நோட்டு and the currencies of bigger nominations such as twenty, fifty and hundred ruppee notes are commonly called பெரிய நோட்டு and the ones below ten are called சின்ன நோட்டு.
பெரிய பெரிய நோட்டுக்கெல்லாம் என்கிட்ட சில்லரெ இல்லெ. சின்ன நோட்டா கொடுங்க
Mahapalipuram (மகாபலிபுரம் கோவில்கள்)
One of the typical feature of Tamil Nadu is presence of large numbers of structured temples. Starting from the sixth century during the Pallava dynasty and upto the Chola dynasty in the eleventh century, the kings were very fond of building temples. This developed a "temple culture" among the Tamils for centuries immemorial. The temples in Tamil Nadu are noted for their pilgrimage activities ever since they were built. Both literature and the fame of temples are understood to be preserving the people's attitude toward conducting a religious way of life. Churches and Mosques built throughout Tamil Nadu are also known for maintaining the religious mood among the people. For example, the church in Velangkanni and the Mosque in Nagore are famous for attracting pilgrims of all religions throughout the year.
Going to temples, churches and mosques on a daily basis and on an occasional basis is very common among the Tamils. Many temples, churches and mosques do conduct festivals and ritual ceremonies often on a regular basis and attending them by some Tamils is part of their daily life. During such occasions public transportation such as trains and buses are usually packed with lots of people, and there is no rule yet to restrict the number of passengers who can travel in a bus. People often stand inside the bus, and in most times they even hang on the footsteps to avoid reaching their destinations on time.
One would often hear conversations such as follows in buses:
படியிலெ தொங்காதீங்க. முன்னாலெ வாங்க
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